How Many Apostles are Mentioned in the Bible?
A lot of people have tried to answer this question before, and a google search shows partial lists. However here is what I believe to be a comprehensive list of apostles taken with scripture references from the New Testament. Jesus is our first Apostle. Then we have the 12 disciples who became Apostles. In addition to the 12 original Apostles there were at least 8 more. Judas was replaced by Matthias and those 12 were the "Apostles of the Lamb." The other Apostles were Paul, Barnabus and James (the Lord's brothers) and some Greek (non Jewish) Apostles Apollos, Epaphroditus, Andonicus, Junias, Silas and Timothy. There were also 2 other unnmaed Apostles. This brings the total to 25 confirmed Apostles in the scripture.
However after these 25 we have some other possibilities with some of the writers of scripture plus Titus and also in 1 Corinthians 15:7 it mentions "all the apostles" allowing room for other unnamed apostles. There are 5 other named possibles plus other unnamed possibles.
Here is the list:
- Jesus Christ (Hebrews 3:1)
- Simon Peter (Matt. 10:2)
- Andrew (Matt. 10:2)
- James the son of Zebedee (Matt. 10:2)
- John (Matt. 10:2)
- Philip (Matt. 10:3)
- Bartholomew (Matt. 10:3)
- Thomas (Matt. 10:3)
- Matthew (Matt. 10:3)
- James the son of Alphaeus (Matt. 10:3)
- Thaddaeus (Matt. 10:3), or Judas the son of James (Luke 6:16)
- Simon the Zealot (Matt. 10:4)
- Judas Iscariot (Matt. 10:4)
- Matthias (Acts 1:26)
- Paul (Gal. 1:1)
- Barnabas (1 Cor. 9:5-6, Acts 14:4, 14)
- Andronicus (Rom. 16:7)
- Junias (Rom. 16:7)
- James, the Lord's brother (Gal. 1:19)
- Silas (Silvanus) (1 Thess. 1:1, 2:6)
- Timothy (1 Thess. 1:1, 2:6)
- Epaphroditus (Philippians 2:25) - The word apostolos does not appear in most English translations but does appear in the Greek, Strongs word 652, Apostolos.
- Apollos (1 Corinthians 4:6-9 & 1 Corinthians 3:22)
- 2 Unnamed Apostles (2 Corinthians 8:23) - in many English versions it says messenger, but in Greek, Apostolos.
Possible Other Apostles
- Jude the Brother of Jesus is Considered a Possibility. He was considered an apostle by early believers and church patriarchs. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epistle_of_Jude)
- Mark and Luke. Some early Church Fathers considered them to be Apostles as they had authored scripture.
- The Writer of Hebrews may have been an Apostle.
- Titus. Very similar in Position and Role to Timothy who was an Apostle.
- Possible Other Unnamed Apostles (1 Corinthians 15:7)
If you include the 25 confirmed Apostles in Scripture, plus the 5 named possible Apostles you have a total of 30, not withstanding the scripture referring to "all the Apostles."